The Reserva Natural Salto Morato (Salto Morato Natural Reserve) is located in Guaraqueçaba, in the coast of Paraná. The area was purchased in 1994 with financial support from The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and, in that same year, it was acknowledged as a Private Natural Heritage Reserve (PNHP). It has been opened to visitors since 1996 and became one of the tourist attractions of Guaraqueçaba (state of Paraná). In 1999, it was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The Reserva Natural Salto Morato shelters a 2,253 hectare-area of Atlantic Forest and it is located in a region presenting an expressive concentration of bird species that are endemic – that is, that occur only in this particular biome – several of which are endangered.
The Reserve offers interpretative trails, lodging for researchers, research laboratory, visitors’ center, kiosks, camping area, as well as a meteorological station (SIMEPAR standard) that records climatic data every 15 minutes.
Since its creation, the Reserva Natural Salto Morato provides support to scientific research, making available both physical structure and personnel, as well as covering expenses with transportation, food, or field equipment, depending on the goal proposed by each project.
Until now, it was registered the presence of 646 species of plants, 93 mammal species, 325 bird species, 36 reptile species, 61 amphibian species, and 55 fish species in the Reserva Natural Salto Morato.