A pair of jaguars has been spotted in the Serra do Mar in Parana. The
unprecedented record in the region was a result of the “Conservation of large mammals
in the Serra do Mar Corridor” project, coordinated by researcher Roberto Fusco
Costa, a doctor in Ecology and a member of the Nature Conservation Experts
Network. For two and a half years, the region has been monitored in search of
large mammals. The action is developed by IPeC (Cananéia Research Institute)
and SPVS (Wildlife Research and Environmental Education Institute) and has the
support of the Boticário Group Foundation for Nature Protection and the ABN
AMRO Bank. You can watch the video here.
According to the researcher, who has worked in the region for over 15
years, it is not easy to get, in that area, a visual record of this feline,
which is the largest in the Americas and is a threatened species in Brazil.
“Since the Parana Serra do Mar is part of an area with the largest contiguous
remainder of Atlantic Rainforest in Brazil, the presence of jaguars was
expected, but all we had were reported sightings. This is the first time we get
images that prove the current existence of those animals at that location. The
last documented record had been made over 20 years ago, based on fecal traces
found in the region,” he explains.
The images frame the Parana Serra do Mar as an area that is essential for
the conservation of jaguar populations, stressing that the survival of the
species is only possible due to the favorable habitat in the region. “The
record represents the effort of several researchers and institutions that work
together with the Environmental Police to try and keep this Atlantic Rainforest
region as conserved as possible. It is a set of efforts to inhibit actions that
are still common, such as hunting, that threaten large mammals,” the researcher
Monitoring large mammals
The record of the couple of the jaguars in the Parana Serra do Mar was
captured by a “photo trap” placed in a remote part of the wilderness. The
research identifies and maps the occurrence of different species of large
animals in the Atlantic Rainforest corridor – an area of Serra do Mar in Parana
and southern São Paulo. “Based on this map of species distribution, we
recommend more effective conservation actions. The record of jaguars
strengthens information that the project team had obtained from accounts and
interviews with local residents, contributing to the planning of long-term
conservation and monitoring,” says Costa.
With the study, experts have already recorded other large species in the
region, such as peccaries and tapirs. “Support is important so that we have
resources and conditions to obtain the data, to investigate and to inform with
quality the occurrence of large species, some of which are threatened, which
are present in the region,” he adds.